Effect of Vinegar on the Oxidative Stability of Mayonnaise during its Storage

  • 16 Sep 2023
  • Published Resarch - Pharmacy


Afraa Alnokkari

Published in

Journal of Chromatographic Science, advance article, bmad036, May 2023.



Mayonnaise is an emulsion of oil that is susceptible to lipid oxidation, which can cause spoilage and the formation of harmful compounds. This study aims to evaluate the impact of Syrian apple and grape vinegar on the oxidative stability of mayonnaise and compare the use of natural antioxidants to synthetic ones such as butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene. The study measured total phenol content, radical scavenging activity, and identified some phenolic compounds by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The rancidity of mayonnaise was examined using peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid number. The fatty acids content in the mayonnaise samples was examined using gas chromatography. Vinegar samples containing high concentrations of phenolic antioxidants showed high ability to scavenge free radicals. The antioxidants in vinegar protected the mayonnaise samples from primary and secondary oxidation, and there was no statistically significant difference between the ratio of unsaturated fatty acids in the samples containing vinegar at the beginning and at the end of the storage period. The study shows the significance of using vinegar to protect mayonnaise from deterioration and increase its shelf life, in addition to its role as a dressing.

Keywords: Vinegar, polyphenolic antioxidants, mayonnaise, oxidative stability.

Link to abstract